Expanded OFAC

Expanded OFAC

Millions of SDN variants

Many entries are real aliases

Eliminates false negatives

Introduction

CJKI’s flagship Database of Arab Names (DAN) is a database of Arab names and their romanized variants that currently contains over 6.5 million entries. As part of its feature set, DAN also provides comprehensive coverage of the Arabic names and their aliases found in the United States Department of the Treasury’s Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC) Specially Designated Nationals (SDN) List.

The SDN List, however, is not without its flaws, namely its inability to correctly identify and process the numerous variants of the names appearing in the watch lists. That is, there are numerous potential and actual variants of OFAC names which are not found the OFAC list.

Overview

To address the shortcomings of OFAC’s SDN List, CJKI has exploited the linguistic and technical resources used to create the DAN database to develop a comprehensive Expanded OFAC database (XOFAC) of full name variants.

Containing millions of potential and actual variants of the Arab names in OFAC’s SDN List, XOFAC is ideal for those agencies and institutions that require maximum recall in their compliance and watch list filtering applications.

Expanded OFAC: Hatim Ahmad BARAKAT (خاتم أحمد بركات)

OFACs SDN List has the following entries for this name:

  • Hatim Ahmad BARAKAT (main SDN entry)
  • Hatam Ahmad BARAKAT (SDN alias)
  • Hatem Ahmad BARAKAT (SDN alias)
  • Hattem Ahmad BARAKAT (SDN alias)
  • Hotem Ahmad BARAKAT (SDN alias)

The table below lists the top 15 out of about 130,000 actual and potential variants which appear in CJKI’s XOFAC database. Only the fourth entry (Hatem Ahmad Barakat) in the top 15 actually appears in the above SDN list.

Therefore, even among the top 15 full name variants in XOFAC, this person’s official SDN name and three of his listed aliases are not to be found.

VariantFreq 1Freq 2Freq 3
Hatem Ahmed Barakat000158000000390000000001180000
Hatim Ahmed Barakat000092500000390000000001180000
Hatem Ahmed Bereket000158000000390000000000651000
Hatem Ahmad Barakat000158000000256000000001180000
Khadem Ahmed Barakat000019400000390000000001180000
Hatem Ahmed Bareket000158000000390000000000057200
Hattem Ahmed Barakat000018000000390000000001180000
Hatem Ahmed Berekat000158000000390000000000033400
Hatem Ahmet Barakat000158000000184000000001180000
Hadim Ahmed Barakat000011400000390000000001180000
Hatem Ahmed Baraket000158000000390000000000016300
Freq 1, 2 and 3 represent the frequency of occurrence on the web of Hatim, Ahmad, and Barakat variants, respectively.
Expanded OFAC: Gaffar Mohmed EL HASSAN (جعفر محمّد الحسن)

– Illustration of English full name variants not found in OFAC’s SDN list.

– Illustration of Arabic full name variants.

– Illustration of Arabic full name variant – English full name variant relationships.

– Some attested Non-SDN variants are strong (e.g. UN security council notices, EU sanction lists etc.).

– Some attested Non-SDN variants are weak (e.g. blogs, online bulletin boards, etc.).

UIDFlagFull NameVariant ArabicCanonical ArabicCanonical Vocalized Arabic
9620OGaffar Mohmed EL HASSANغفّار محمد الحسنجعفر محمّد الحسنجَعْفَر مُحَمَّد اَلْحَسَن
9620AGaffar Mohamed EL HASSANغفّار محمد الحسنجعفر محمّد الحسنجَعْفَر مُحَمَّد اَلْحَسَن
9620NGaffar Mohamed ELHASSANغفّار محمد الحسنجعفر محمّد الحسنجَعْفَر مُحَمَّد اَلْحَسَن
9620NGaffar Mohammed ELHASSANغفّار محمّد الحسنجعفر محمّد الحسنجَعْفَر مُحَمَّد اَلْحَسَن
9620NGaffar Mohmed ELHASSANغفّار محمد الحسنجعفر محمّد الحسنجَعْفَر مُحَمَّد اَلْحَسَن
9620NGaffar Mohammed HASSANغفّار محمّد حسنجعفر محمّد الحسنجَعْفَر مُحَمَّد اَلْحَسَن
9620NGafar Mohammed ELHASSANغفار محمّد الحسنجعفر محمّد الحسنجَعْفَر مُحَمَّد اَلْحَسَن
9620NGaffar Mohammed EL HASSANغفّار محمّد الحسنجعفر محمّد الحسنجَعْفَر مُحَمَّد اَلْحَسَن
9620NGaffar Muhammed ELHASSANغفّار محمّد الحسنجعفر محمّد الحسنجَعْفَر مُحَمَّد اَلْحَسَن
9620NGaffar Mohamed HASANغفّار محمد حسنجعفر محمّد الحسنجَعْفَر مُحَمَّد اَلْحَسَن
9620NGafar Mohamed EL HASSANغفار محمد الحسنجعفر محمّد الحسنجَعْفَر مُحَمَّد اَلْحَسَن
9620NGaffar Mohamed AL HASSANغفّار محمد الحسنجعفر محمّد الحسنجَعْفَر مُحَمَّد اَلْحَسَن
9621UJafar Mohammad AL HASANجعفر محمّد الحسنجعفر محمّد الحسنجَعْفَر مُحَمَّد اَلْحَسَن
9622UGaffar Muhammad AL HASANغفّار محمّد الحسنجعفر محمّد الحسنجَعْفَر مُحَمَّد اَلْحَسَن
9623UJafar Mohmed EL HASSANجعفر محمد الحسنجعفر محمّد الحسنجَعْفَر مُحَمَّد اَلْحَسَن
9624UGafar Mohmed HASSANغفار محمد حسنجعفر محمّد الحسنجَعْفَر مُحَمَّد اَلْحَسَن
9625UGaffar Muhamad AL HASSANغفّار محمد الحسنجعفر محمّد الحسنجَعْفَر مُحَمَّد اَلْحَسَن
9627UGafar Muhammed ELHASSANغفار محمّد الحسنجعفر محمّد الحسنجَعْفَر مُحَمَّد اَلْحَسَن
9628UJafar Muhammed ALHASSANجعفر محمّد الحسنجعفر محمّد الحسنجَعْفَر مُحَمَّد اَلْحَسَن
9630UJaffar Muhammed HASSANجعفر محمّد حسنجعفر محمّد الحسنجَعْفَر مُحَمَّد اَلْحَسَن
9630UJaffar Mohamed HASANجعفر محمد حسنجعفر محمّد الحسنجَعْفَر مُحَمَّد اَلْحَسَن
9629UGafar Muhamad EL HASANغفار محمد الحسنجعفر محمّد الحسنجَعْفَر مُحَمَّد اَلْحَسَن
UID: ID associated with main (canonical) SDN entry.
Flag:
- [O] Main (canonical) SDN entry,
- [A] SDN alias entry,
- [N] Non-SDN attested entry,
- [U] Unverified but theoretically valid entry.
Full Name:
- SDN first name(s) prepended to SDN last name.
- First name(s) written in mixed case.
- Last name written in uppercase.
Arabic: Canonical Arabic equivalent to full name (shadda included)

Original data taken from the SDN list published 12 June 2009.

Practical Applications

XOFAC can be used for a variety of applications, including:

Compliance and risk management

Anti-money laundering and fraud detection

Anti-terror and immigration control

Related Resources

Expanded OFAC

Database of Arab Names

Arab personal names and their romanized variants

Expanded OFAC

Arab Names in Arabic

Arab personal names and their Arabic script variants

Expanded OFAC

Foreign Names in Arabic

Non-Arab names in Arabic and their variants

Reference Documents

XOFAC white paper

 (will be uploaded soon)