Arabic Plurals

Arabic Plurals

Includes both regular and irregular plurals

Shows multiple plurals ordered by frequency

Indicates sense for sense-dependent plural forms

Overview

The CJKI Database of Arabic Plurals (DAP), the first truly modern, fully up-to-date database covering both regular and irregular Arabic plurals. DAP includes various grammatical attributes such as part-of-speech, collectivity codes, gender codes, and full vocalization.

This database is now available for use in software development, machine translation, and Arabic language education. For language learners and language processing software alike, the irregular, or broken, plurals present one of the greatest challenges in learning and processing.

In fact, the majority of noun plurals in Arabic are actually irregular or “broken plurals”. These morphologically irregular plurals are distinct in that they are not formed with regular plural suffixes. Instead, they are formed by modifying the vowels of the vowel-consonant pattern (CV templates) of the singular form. DAP covers over 3000 entries.

DAP has been assembled by a team of specialists in Arabic grammar through meticulous attention and research over a period of many years. This ensures accuracy and avoids the errors found in other works. In an era in which accurate processing of Arabic text is critical, this database represents a major step forward for natural language processing, machine translation, lexicography, and pedagogy.

Arabic Plurals
Sing.Sing.Pl.1 (BW)Pl.1Pl.2 (BW)Pl.2Pl.3 (BW)Pl.3
Eayob عَيْبEuyuwbNعُيُوبٌ
gariyozap غَرِيْزَةgaraA}izuغَرَائِزُ
garas غَرَسgiraAsNغِرَاسٌ>agoraAsNأَغْرَاسٌ
garaD غَرَض>agoraADNأَغْرَاضٌ
gurofap غُرْفَةgurafNغُرَفٌ
gazaAl غَزَالguzolaAnNغُزْلَانٌ
guSon غُصْن>agoSaAnNأَغْصَانٌguSuwnNغُصُونٌ
gilaAf غِلَافgulofNغُلْفٌgulufNغُلُفٌgul~afNغُلَّفٌ
gala~p غَلَّةgilaAlNغِلَالٌgal~aAtNغَلَّاتٌ
gulaAm غُلَامgilomaAnNغِلْمَانٌgilomapNغِلْمَةٌ
gamar غَمَر>agomaArNأَغْمَارٌgimaArNغِمَارٌgumuwrNغُمُورٌ
gunom غُنْم>agonaAmNأَغْنَامٌ
>ugoniyap أُغْنِيَة>agaAnKأَغَانٍAalo>agaAniyاَلْأَغَانِي
gaAbap غَابَةgaAbaAtNغَابَاتٌ
gayor غَيْر>agoyaArNأَغْيَارٌ
fataY فَتَىfitoyaAnNفِتْيَانٌfitoyapNفِتْيَةٌfutowapNفُتْوَةٌ
faHom فَحْمfuHuwmNفُحُومٌfuHuwmaAtNفُحُومَاتٌfiHaAmNفِحَامٌ
fara~j فَرَّجfuruwojNفُرُوْجٌ
farox فَرْخfiraAxNفِرَاخٌ>aforaAxNأَفْرَاخٌ>aforuxNأَفْرُخٌ
farod فَرْد>aforaAdNأَفْرَادٌ
faAris فَارِسfurosaAnNفُرْسَانٌfawaArisNفَوَارِسٌ
fariyoq فَرِيْق>aforiqaA'Nأَفْرِقَاءٌ>aforiqapNأَفْرِقَةٌfuruwqNفُرُوقٌ
furon فُرْن>aforaAnNأَفْرَانٌ
farow فَرْوfiraA'Nفِرَاءٌ
fa$il فَشِلfu$olNفُشْلٌ>afo$aAlNأَفْشَالٌ
faDiyoHap فَضِيْحَةfaDaA}iHuفَضَائِحُ
fiDa~p فِضَّة
qanaAp قَنَاةqanawaAtNقَنَوَاتٌqinanNقِنَنٌqinaAnNقِنَانٌ
quwot قُوْت>aqowaAtNأَقْوَاتٌ
qaA}id قَائِدqaAdapNقَادَةٌ
qaAra~p قَارَّةqaAr~aAtNقَارَّاتٌ
qawos قَوْس>aqowaAsNأَقْوَاسٌ
qaAEap قَاعَةqaAEaAtNقَاعَاتٌ
qawol قَوْل>aqowaAlNأَقْوَالٌ
qaA}imقَائِمquw~amNقُوَّمٌquy~amNقُيَّمٌquw~aAmNقُوَّامٌ
qayi~map قَيِّمَةquy~amNقُيَّمٌquw~aAmNقُوَّامٌ
Sing.: Singular
Pl.: Plural
BW: Transliteration using the Buckwalter system

Practical Applications

DAP can be used for normalization (identifying the singular) for:

Information retrieval

Morphological analysis

Language education

Aid to learners of Arabic since plurals are very difficult

Query processing

Machine translation

Improve accuracy by identifying plural forms

Related Resources

Arabic Plurals

Arabic Wordlist

General vocabulary, proper nouns and technical terms

Arabic Plurals

Arabic Full-Form Lexicon

Includes all inflected, declined and conjugated forms

Arabic Plurals

Arabic Phonetic Database

Phonemic transcriptions for core Arabic vocabulary